It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author’s conclusions to the research being conducted. It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation, usually — words in length. While the advice is tailored to respond to a question posed by an instructor, students and researchers may also benefit from the guidance that the MLA provided. If you took notes during the research stage using the format of your paper, this might be as simple as copying and pasting your already written summary or critique. If you are writing an annotated bibliography with many sources, it may be helpful to divide the sources into categories. In other words, use the first letter of the hyphenated name to alphabetize the name.

Sometimes, you will be alphabetizing by title. This guide is here to help answer all of your questions and includes step-by-step instructions on how to do an annotated bibliography in MLA style. It may only take a sentence or two to summarize. An annotation is more than just a brief summary of an article, book, Web site or other type of publication. As the youth of today grow older, the controversy will die out, according to the author.

That may not be the most helpful for you, but, if this is an assignment, you should always ask your instructor for specific guidelines. A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question, its distinctive features.

The length of your annotation will depend on the assignment or on the purpose of your annotated bibliography.

How to Write an Annotated Bibliography – APA Style

Certain works, such as anthologies, will have editors as the main attribution in place of author. Top How is an annotation different from an abstract?


Biblioggaphy first letter indicates where it goes generally in your bibliography. If you have two or more works by the same author, then you would use the title of the work to alphabetize. Do you mean a name that is in a different script?

annotated bibliography alphabetized

But again, if your biblioggraphy is to only use scholarly sources, then you will probably want to avoid magazines and popular web sites. Is this a helpful resource?

Is this source scholarly, popular, some of both? As a student, bibliovraphy method will help you develop or hone your research skills, providing you with practice not only in locating sources but also in analyzing and evaluating them for relevance and quality. Don’t want to cite by hand? Sometimes, a resource will not have a named author.

Even though The American Psychological Association does not support the creation of bibliographies that include annotations, many schools and professors expect their students to include summaries or commentary alongside their citations in APA style. What is an annotated bibliography? Look at the title if the book has no author. Note that this page does not contain an alphabeitzed paragraph. The MLA Style Center alphabetizef the following guidance for the organization of your completed list of references:.

Write an Annotated Bibliography – APA Style – UMUC Library

You can then copy and paste this into your document. For most of your annotated bibliographies, however, you will be writing analytical or critical annotations. The author, Mark Forsyth, examines the rhetorical devices used in the English language, analyzing the patterns and formats that create memorable quotes.

For more examples, a quick search at a library or even on the Internet should produce several examples of annotated bibliographies in your area.


Annotations can be evaluative and critical as we will see when we look at the two major types of annotations. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author’s conclusions to the research being conducted. On Compiling an Annotated Bibliography. Search and cite automatically with EasyBib! If you have been tasked with annnotated annotations as part of a research paper or project, you can begin to create this element while you identify and analyze your sources.

Put your citations in as separate paragraphs, meaning you just have a line between each citation. The annoated will be sorted alphabetically, but you will need to format the citations with proper indentations and such still.

How to Alphabetize a Bibliography: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

If you are including an introduction, this should be added below the page title and precede your citations and annotations. Follow Us Facebook Twitter Youtube.

annotated bibliography alphabetized

Cookies make wikiHow better. Your annotations should include either the main points from the source, as well as the topics covered, the approach used and any findings, or your critical evaluation. If you have two or more works by two authors with the same last name, then you would use their first names to alphabetize your list of entries.

Take care not to include any unnecessary details, as the goal is to summarize each source as succinctly as possible and, in some cases, evaluate them.